The Right Certification for Your Future

Baseball bat, glove, and ball

A wooden bat

The last year that I played Little League Baseball as a child, probably about 15 years old, I had a favorite bat. This bat was a wooden bat, and it made me unusual because most of my teammates used an aluminum bat. As I remember it, I played well that season, but not as well as I had hoped or expected to. Then, in the last game of the season, my wooden bat broke, and I had to use an aluminum bat for the first time. In that last game, I hit the ball harder than I had all season. I hit the ball harder because I was using a better bat – the aluminum bat. It turns out that all of the other kids were right – an aluminum bat was better than a wooden bat. It turns out that my performance falling short of my expectations was because I was not using the best tool for the job.

Having the right tool

This is not my only example of the fact that having the right tool for the job makes the work easier, but also leads to a better result. Using the right type of saw or drill makes the sawing or drilling process easier. Using an electric screwdriver is faster than a hand-powered screwdriver. The right tools make gardening easier. The list goes on…

The best professional certification

The list also includes your professional certification. When you choose your professional certification, you need to choose the right one for the job. And in this case, “the job” is your career. You need to choose the professional certification that will serve you the best in your career. It is important to keep in mind that the best certification for your friends and colleagues may not be the best certification for you.

How do you determine the best certification for you? There are a few questions you should answer to determine the best certification for you.

  • What do you want to be doing in 5 years or 10 years? You need to look into your future to determine what will be best for you. You should not choose your professional certification based on what you are doing now (you already have that job), but rather on what you want to do in the future. What certification will give you the skills and knowledge that you will need to perform that job you want in the future?
  • What certifications do people who have the job you want have? Look online at people who currently have the job that you want, and see what certifications they have. If they all have a certain certification, then chances are good that you will be expected to have that same certification in that job.
  • Are you able to gain that certification? Some professional certifications have strict eligibility requirements regarding education and/or experience. You need to be certain that you meet those requirements. If a certification requires an education that you do not have, then you should not spend time trying to pursue it. For example, becoming a CPA has very specific education requirements and if you have already graduated and are not close to meeting those requirements, then CPA is not a certification that you should plan to pursue.

Related to this point, you also need to ask how realistic it will be for you to complete the certification? Some programs have 12 or more exams that take as many as four years to complete. Do you have the time, and the financial resources, to be able to make that investment?

  • Are you going to be able to do the required studying? You also need to be certain that you are going to be able to put in the time that is required to study what is covered in your exams. If too much of the syllabus is new to you, or in topics that you do not like, it will be very difficult to put in the time needed to prepare properly for the exam. On every exam, there will be some topics that you do not like, but they should not be a majority of the topics on the exam.

Jump-start your career

If you choose the correct certification, it will provide great benefit to you throughout your career. You will start to see those benefits as soon as you start studying because your skills and knowledge will improve. You will see the benefits of your certification as you get promoted, find a new job in a new company, and move into the job that you saw when you chose your certification. The benefits will continue to come to you as you become more involved and active in the professional organization and the networking opportunities it provides. The right certification will jump-start your career and help you reach your professional goals.

So, before you start studying, spend some time thinking about the questions above to make certain that you start pursuing the best certification for YOU. Your certification is a tool that you will have available throughout your career, so make certain that it is the best tool for what you want to do in your career.

Brian Hock, CMA, CIA

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Approach Your Exams Like a Buffalo

Approach Your Exams Like a Buffalo

Approach Your Exams Like a Buffalo

The Rocky Mountains go through the state of Colorado and big mountain storms come down from the mountains and head east into the Great Plains of the United States. While many animals live in the Great Plains, it is the cows and the buffalo that we are interested in.

Cows’ Approach

As a storm arrives, the cows walk with the storm trying to stay ahead of it. Of course, the storm moves faster than the cows so the storm overtakes the cows. And because the cows are moving in the same direction as the storm, the cows spend even more time in the storm than if they had just stood still and let the storm pass over them.

Buffalos’ Approach

The buffalo, on the other hand, take a different approach. As the storm approaches, they walk into the storm. While this is a strong and cold headwind, because the buffalo are walking against the direction the storm is moving, the amount of time that they spend in the storm is greatly reduced. The buffalo spend significantly less time in the storm than the cows because the buffalo know (somehow) that heading into the storm with determination is the fastest way to get out of the storm.

Your Exam Is the Storm

If you have not figured it out yet, in this analogy the amount of time that you need to prepare for your exam is the storm. And you have the choice to be either a cow or a buffalo. If you take the cows’ approach and do not make a dedicated effort to do your studying, the time that it will take you to get through your preparation will be a lot longer. It may seem for a while that you have been able to stay ahead of the storm, but eventually you will realize that even if you delay, the storm is still coming and you will need to pass through it. All you have done is extended the amount of time that you have had to live with your preparations.

You could instead choose to be the buffalo. When you do this, you make a plan, make a schedule, and start your studies from the beginning with the intent of sticking to your plan even when it is difficult and you are tired. But, by doing this, you will reduce the number of weeks that you spend studying and you will get to the other side of the storm much faster.

Whether you have not yet started studying, are partway through your studies, or are almost done, you can decide how you will go through the remainder of your studies – like a cow and drag it out for longer, or like a buffalo and attack the storm head on so that you can get through it as quickly as possible.

Brian Hock, CMA, CIA

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HOCK PassMap 2.0 for CIA with new interface and bite-sized study units

PassMap 2.0
HOCK is pleased to announce the release of PassMap 2.0 for CIA Parts 1, 2, and 3.

PassMap 2.0 includes:

  • Shorter study units that cover only one topic each and include a study time estimate.
  • A resume feature that takes you right to where you left off.
  • A Resources section with all of the information about studying for the CIA exams in one place.
  • A more modern interface that is easier to navigate.
  • Easier navigation on mobile devices.

MCQ and Video progress is saved independently of the PassMap, and is not affected by this transition.

If you have any questions about PassMap 2.0 or need any help using the materials or PassMap please contact us and we will be glad to help.

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CIA Part 1 Textbook Update July 2021

The CIA Part 1 Textbook has been updated, and the new files are available for current students to download in My Studies. The significant changes are listed below including page numbers in the new July 2021 book.

Section I

  • Added Board Approval and Communication of Charter to B. The Internal Audit Charter, page 14.
  • Additional discussion in D. IIA Code of Ethics, pages 16-25.

Section II

  • Additional discussion in all topics, pages 26-39.

Section IV

  • Additional discussion in all topics, pages 49-62.

Section V

  • Added Three Lines Model, pages 63-68.
  • Additional discussion in Risk Appetite, Risk Tolerance, and Risk Capacity, pages 89-92.
  • Additional discussion in Risk Assessment, pages 95-97.

Section VI

  • Additional discussion in all topics, pages 146-157.

If you have any questions about these changes, please contact us and we will be glad to assist you.

You can also learn more about the HOCK CIA Textbooks and other exam prep materials if you are not already a HOCK student.

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CIA Part 3 Textbook Update July 2021

The CIA Part 3 Textbook has been updated, and the new files are available for current students to download in My Studies. The significant changes are listed below including page numbers in the new July 2021 book.

Section I

  • Added Boston Consulting Group Growth-Share Matrix and Operational Performance Measurement, pages 15-17.
  • Added Responsibility Centers and Responsibility Accounting, pages 29-32.
  • Added work schedules and compensation, pages 42-43.
  • Added IIA SG Optimizing Public Sector Audit Activities, pages 53-54.
  • Added Non-Disclosure Agreements, page 83.
  • Added more details about the value and governance of Data Analytics, pages 85-87.
  • Added Sensitivity Analysis and Monte Carlo Simulations, page 88.
  • Added more details about auditing software, pages 90-91.

Section II

  • Added excerpts from IIA GTAGs throughout the Section.
  • Added a chart with control weaknesses and related actions, page 105.
  • Added more details about some Emerging Technologies, pages 106-108.

Section III

  • Added excerpts from IIA GTAGs throughout the Section.
  • Added an overview of different types of databases, page 126.
  • Added basic IT terms, pages 133-134.
  • Added a longer introduction to IT Control Frameworks and IT Risks, pages 139-140.

If you have any questions about these changes, please contact us and we will be glad to assist you.

You can also learn more about the HOCK CIA Textbooks and other exam prep materials if you are not already a HOCK student.

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From Brian’s Desk: Is a Personal Counselor or Mentor necessary to pass the exam?

Is a Personal Counselor or Mentor necessary to pass the exam?

A Personal Counselor or Mentor is something that some exam prep providers include as a benefit of choosing their materials. While I agree that it is important that a review provider answer your questions as part of their support, there is no practical reason that you need to have a personal counselor as part of your exam preparation process.

Why do I say this? Because the exam that you take is not personal to you.

Everyone takes the same exam covering the same material tested at the same level of depth. The exam does not adapt its depth based on your background or experience. To say it one more time: EVERY candidate needs to know the SAME material at the SAME depth for the exam.

Because every candidate needs to know the same information, I am not sure what a personal counselor can do that you are not able to do for yourself. You can look at the results of your study sessions and determine how well you know a topic. In fact, you know more than anyone else can about how well you know a topic.

For example, let us say that there are 10 questions, and you know with certainty 6 of the 10 questions. That is 60% proficiency, but that is not enough and you need to study that topic more. Even though you do not know the other 4 questions, statistically you will get one of the four correct – giving you a 70% score. If you get lucky and guess two of those four correctly, you will score 80%, and someone else just looking at the percentage probably will say you are proficient and can move on to the next topic. But you know the truth, that you really are not 80% proficient on that topic.

In terms of guiding you through your studies, a personal counselor is not needed for this, either. Assuming that the study materials are set up properly with a good study plan, only you know best how much time you need to spend on each topic. When you are reading the book, watching videos, and/or doing practice questions, you know how well you know the topic and how much longer you need to spend to feel comfortable.

I believe that there are two essential support functions that actually add value to your studies:

  1. A detailed study plan that helps you go through the materials, points out the main topics and can be tailored to your pace of learning and time frame for study.
  2. Subject matter experts who can answer your questions about anything in the materials while you are studying. Whether it is a concept in the book or a question that you just can’t figure out, a knowledgeable person who is experienced in that exam should be available to answer your questions in a timely manner (one business day).

All of this to say, when you are making a decision about your study materials, be sure to look for things that actually add value to your studies, and not just what sounds good. At HOCK, we have continually refined our materials and processes since 2003 so that we can offer you the most comprehensive materials and support without any unneeded and potentially expensive extras.

HOCK Exam Prep with unlimited access and teacher support:

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Blog: Certification Value Part 3 – Individuals

Certification Value - Part 3. Individuals.

In my last two blogs, I have written about how review course providers and the certification-issuing organizations add value to their certifications. In this blog, I will look at what you should do in order to maximize the value that you get from having the certificate.

Conduct yourself in a professional manner at all times

Perhaps the most important thing that you can do is to conduct yourself in a professional manner at all times. As I wrote earlier, most certificates get their value simply because they are valued by the business community. Certificates have value because the people who hold the certificate create value for them. Every individual benefit from all of the others who hold the same certificate. In order to keep this value, each holder needs to act so that the business community as a whole will continue to value that certificate. For example, everyone who is a CIA is connected to everyone else who is a CIA. When a colleague finds out that you are CIA, their first impression of you will be based on what they think of the other CIAs that they know. If enough individuals behave poorly and unethically the “brand” that is CIA will lose value. So, if you want your certificate to retain or grow its value, you need to behave in a way that will bring value to that certificate and everyone else who holds it.

Have a responsibility

In addition to holding yourself to the highest standards of behavior, you also have a responsibility to hold fellow certificate holders to a similarly high standard of behavior. When others are acting in a way that does not bring value to the “brand,” you need to work with them to change their behavior. Even though any certificate can survive “a few bad apples” in the profession, everyone needs to work to make certain that there are as few as possible.

Market the certificate

In order to maximize the value of your investment (in both time and money), you also need to market the certificate, for example, help people know what the certificate is and what the requirements are to obtain it. If an HR person in your company is not familiar with the CMA, give them information about it. That information, coupled with your behavior, will help them understand the value of CMA. Also, use the letters of your designation on your business card, your CV, and anywhere your name is used.

Become active in a local Chapter

If you are able to, you should also become active in a local Chapter of your professional organization. Chapters help to grow the profession and are a way of letting the larger community know that the certification has value. While it may be difficult to see any specific, direct benefit from attending a Chapter event, you need to remember that you are part of a larger profession and that you will benefit indirectly from the success of the organization. Professionals before you built a brand that you are benefitting from, and you need to be certain that the professionals who come after you will be able to benefit from your professional organization in the same way you have.

I encourage you to be proactive in doing these things (and more) because your certificate will only have as much value as the effort that everyone puts into it.

Brian Hock, CMA, CIA

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Blog: Certification Value Part 2 – The Organization

Certification Value - Part 2. The Organization.

In my last blog, I wrote about the value that review course providers provide for a certification. In this blog, I will look at the value that is brought to a certification by the organization that administers the exam and awards the certification.

Obviously, the organization that offers the certification provides value to it. But, it is critical that the certification continues to hold its value and even increases in value. Remember that because most certifications gain their value only because the business community desires them, it is imperative that the organizations work to provide ongoing value. Aside from giving the certificate itself, some of the things that the organization must do are:

Keep the syllabus current

Every few years the organization should evaluate the content of their exams to make certain that it continues to be relevant.

Provide sufficient information about the content of the exam

The syllabus that they provide should be detailed enough to allow candidates (and material providers) to know what is on the exam without being so detailed that it is essentially a list of the questions. (I would add that the IMA does a spectacular job with the syllabus for the CMA Exams.)

Ensure that the exam is challenging

If the pass rate is too high, the certification loses value because it is assumed that anyone can pass. If the pass rate is too low, nobody attempts it because the return on investment is too low. For example, when the DipIFR (Russian) exam was first started, the pass rate was around 15% and the exam almost collapsed because of the low pass rate.

Maintain its own ethics surrounding the qualification 

The exam creation and grading process must be above reproach. There should be controls and systems in place to ensure that if a person passes the exam that the world knows that this person actually passed the exam honestly and fairly.

Provide a fair and level field for all providers 

When an examining body is involved in materials preparation and sells their own materials, this weakens the certificate because it draws into question the grading process. Even if there are controls in place and independence between the materials creation group, the exam creation group, and the grading process, there is still the potential for the appearance of a conflict of interest.

Require some form of Continuing Education

(It has different names in different organizations) So that their certificate holders maintain relevant knowledge.

Provide value to its members through things other than the certifications

Such as conferences, publications, webinars, networking opportunities to its members, or any number of other benefits that it can provide. If the only value that it provides is in the exam itself, the organization will have difficulty maintaining its membership and attracting new members.

While there are a lot of things that professional organizations need to do in order to maintain and build the value that their certificate has in the market, it is essential that they do these things because without the certification having value, fewer people will join the organization.

I am certain that this list is not complete. What are some of the other ways that your certifications (that you have or are in the process of earning) and their supporting organization could add even more value to your career?

Brian Hock, CMA, CIA

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Blog: Certification Value

Certification Value

Professional Certification – Requirement or Preference?

A professional certification gets value from one of two sources: either it is required by law or regulation, or the business community prefers its employees have the certification, even if it is not required by law. An example of the first type is the CPA certification in the United States, which is required by law in order for an individual to sign an audit report or prepare income taxes for another party. An example of the second type is the CPA certification in countries outside the United States. In other countries, a CPA license is not required by law for any specific activity, but the business community values it, and therefore being a CPA is valuable.

Most international certifications fall into the second category. One of the reasons for this is that most internationally recognized exams are in English and therefore they can be required by law only in countries that speak English. In non-English-speaking countries, the exam gets value because it is desired by the businesses there.

While it may not seem obvious, there are a number of groups that contribute to the value that a certification has in markets where the certification is not required by law. In this blog, I will write about one of them, and I will write about others in the future.

Review Course Providers

The group that I want to write about now is what I will call Review Course Providers (RCPs). They may be called different names in different countries, but these are the companies that deliver live-taught courses for candidates to prepare to pass the exam. RCPs are different than Material Providers (MPs), who only provide materials for self-study. For example, HOCK international is an MP, whereas HOCK UAE is an RCP, where live courses are offered.

RCPs play a critical role in the development of value for a professional certification in a few different ways:

  1. When there is an RCP for a certification, it shows to prospective candidates that the certification has value. If there is no value to the certification, there would not be a company providing training locally.
  2. RCPs play an important role in marketing the certification because they are marketing the certification as well as their own courses. For the organizations that offer certifications, RCPs are a critical element of the expansion of the certification to new areas.
  3. RCPs help keep pass rates higher. If the pass rate for a certification becomes too low, fewer people will attempt it because there is not a high enough chance to get a return on their investment. Or, if the pass rate is too high, there is also a decrease in candidates because both individuals and businesses perceive that it is too easy and does not have any value.
  4. RCPs also give credibility to the certification by demonstrating that the exam is independent. When the organization that gives the exam also provides training material, there is a perception that the exam is not serious or rigorous because the same organization is in charge of all of the steps of the process. It is a bit like the segregation of duties – ideally, one organization creates the exam and grades it, and other organizations provide the training. When the examiner is also a training provider there is a conflict of interest that decreases the value of the certification.

Live Classes

Whether or not you are using or used an RCP in your preparations for the exam, you should say a word of “Thanks” to the RCPs in your area; they have helped create and sustain the value of the certificate that you have earned or are in the process of earning. If you don’t know if there are any in your area, we have a list of RCPs using HOCK materials on our website

You can send a short “Thanks” to your RCP as a comment below – let them know that they are appreciated!

Brian Hock, CMA, CIA

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Roles and responsibilities of an internal audit team

internal audit team

Certified Internal Auditor

Are you curious about becoming a Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)? This article will explain the roles and responsibilities of this position, detail how you can earn your certification, and how you can use this designation in your career.

As a CIA, your role is to independently and objectively evaluate the operations within an organization. The role can vary depending on the industry or company needs, but in general, the auditor is tasked with maintaining relevant information flow between the company’s board of directors and/or senior management and making sure that operations and business processes are in compliance with company policy and legal regulations.

The biggest difference between an internal and external auditor is the type of information you are managing. As an internal auditor, you’re tasked with the holistic management of information, which is primarily non-financial information. As a hired external auditor, your job is to examine the financial condition or business dealings, as well as compliance with different laws within the industry. As an internal auditor, understanding the functionality of each kind of external auditor helps one better prepare for the documentation and requirements when an audit is required.

Who is an ideal candidate for the CIA?

Anyone who envisions a career in internal auditing is the perfect candidate for the CIA Certification. Being a CIA will offer auditors more opportunities for advancement as well as a higher salary. Students are excellent candidates for the CIA Exams:

  1. It is more affordable to take the exams with student discounts.
  2. Students usually have more free time than working professionals and/or individuals who have families.
  3. Students are already entrenched in and accustomed to the study process.

What is an Internal Audit?

An internal audit is a managerial tool that serves to improve processes and internal controls within a company. It consists of a department within a company that is mandated to provide an assessment of the organization’s risks, control environment, and operational effectiveness. The department reports to the board and senior management, which are within the organization’s governance structure.

What do Internal Auditors Do?

As an internal auditor, your role includes providing an in-depth dive into the company’s business dealings and processes and then analyzes and converts the information into meaningful and insightful data to improve operations. To do this, the auditor uses techniques such as:

  1. Consistently reviewing company business practices.
  2. Evaluating that risk management procedures are in place.
  3. Implementing controls to protect against fraud and theft of the organizational assets and money.
  4. Ensuring laws and regulations are compliant.
  5. Making recommendations on process improvement.

Responsibilities of Internal Auditors

Ensuring the success of an organization and bridging the gap between the board of directors and the corporate management team is a key performance indicator. Below are some of their specific responsibilities and duties:

  1. Evaluating risk management activities within the organization.
  2. Determining the organization’s compliance with relevant laws and regulations.
  3. Evaluating and making recommendations that can assist in improving internal control.
  4. Investigating fraud via a fraud risk assessment that uses fraud deterrence principles.
  5. Offering an objective source of independent advice to help reach the goal and achieve legality and validity.
  6. Performing audit assignments assigned to them
  7. Learning and studying the organization’s policy and guidelines.
  8. Identifying audit scope and developing annual plans within the organization.
  9. Gathering, analyzing, evaluating, and presenting accounting documentation, reports, data, and flowcharts.
  10. Following up the audits to monitor the managements’ intervention.
  11. Promoting ethics and identifying improper conduct within the company.

Qualities of a professional Internal Auditor

You must be objective, independent, and impartial when carrying out internal audits. Below are some of the qualities a professional internal auditor should possess.

  • Integrity – High ethical work standards.
  • Independence – Ability to work alone because auditors may travel far away from their team.
  • Good communication skills – Ability to explain their findings and insights.
  • Diversity – Ability to change with current trends and affairs.
  • Persuasiveness – Ability to effectively communicate the necessary course of action.
  • Assertiveness – Be confident during the audit process and take control of the agenda.
  • Reliability – They must be ready to be available for all critical audit processes by investing their time and energy.
  • Punctuality – The auditors need to hand in reports on time, and since a team is involved, a good auditor should be punctual in all meetings.

Becoming a Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)

The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) awards the CIA certification. Becoming a CIA requires a University degree, two years of work experience, and passing a three-part exam. (There are some exceptions to education and work experience requirements.)

A CIA enjoys the following benefits and opportunities:

  • Being part of a global organization for the Internal Auditor Profession, The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA).
  • Gaining respect and credibility for top positions worldwide.
  • Lucrative salary.
  • Greater career opportunities.

Internal audits play a significant role in the company’s growth by ensuring that the company is moving in the right direction.  As an aspiring CIA, you must possess qualities such as integrity, assertiveness, excellent communication, teamwork, and independence.

Do you think the role of Internal Auditor could be right for you? Learn more about how HOCK international can help you advance your career and succeed in achieving this prestigious credential.

HOCK CIA Exam Preparation

 

 

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